Nautical trade routes stretch like so many lengths of string in this arresting visualization of intercontinental commerce in the 1800s. The map that emerges highlights not only several continents and their busiest ports, but the various trade winds that cycle through the lower reaches of Earth’s atmosphere.
The map is the work of Ben Schmidt, assistant professor of history at Northeastern University. Like many of our favoritevisualizations, Schmidt’s creation sprang from a publicly available data set: ship’s logs, originally compiled by 19th Century oceanographer Lt. Matthew Fontaine Maury, that were later catalogued by NOAA. Schmidt calls the map an exercise in the “Digital Humanities,” where tools from the 1990s are used “to answer questions from the 1960s about 19th century America.”
ca. 1860-70’s, [carte de visite portrait of Olive Oatman, Survivor of the Oatman Massacre and held five years in captivity by Yavapais indians]
"In 1851 Olive Oatman survived the brutal massacre of most of her family by the Yavapais in Arizona and was held in captivity for five years. While in captivity she was tattooed on her face and arms in the tribal tradition.”
eisenstadt, alfred. alice austen in wheelchair. life magazine, 1951.
"words have no power to impress the mind with the exquisite horror of their reality."
“ever since the discovery of america by the celebrated navigator, columbus, the ‘civilized’ or enlightened natives of the old world regarded its inhabitants as a race of ‘savages!’—of course they were treated as barbarians, and for nearly two centuries they suffered without intermission, as the europeans acted on the principal that might makes right—and if they could succeed in defrauding natives out of their lands, and drive them from the seaboard, they were satisfied for a time.”
"however else the blow affected her, like other setbacks it prompted some of her most florid prose."